In fact, the population in many of them continues to increase, due to the wealth of natural resources that many such places possess. All of the coldest permanently inhabited places on Earth tend to be close to the Arctic Circle, the area where the North Pole is. The town of Verkhoyansk, located on the Yana River near the Arctic Circle, is not only famous as one of the coldest places in the world.
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Oymyakon and Verkhoyansk are located in the same region of Russia, the so-called Sakha Republic. They are miles km away from each other. The only place on Earth which has lower temperatures than these two Russian towns is Antarctica the South Pole ; however, this area is not permanently inhabited by people. In spite of these enormous variations and a constant below freezing temperature that lasts for months, people continue to live in Verkhoyansk and Oymyakon.
Lowest temperature recorded on Earth
Their populations are 1, and people respectively. There is another city in the Sakha Republic worth mentioning.
Yakutsk, the capital of the republic and a major port on the Lena River, is often declared the coldest city in the world. Some , people live in this city located only miles km south of the Arctic Circle. It was named after the Yakutsk people who migrated there in the 13th and 14th century from various parts of Siberia, an extensive, cold region in the north of the country. When significant reserves of gold and minerals were discovered in the late 19th century, more people moved to Yakutsk, and it grew into a major city.
Today, Yakutsk is one of the leading suppliers of diamonds, so its population keeps increasing despite low temperatures. Summers in Yakutsk can be quite warm, with lots of rain.
The Coldest Place on Earth
Barrow, the northernmost cities in the United States, is at the same time one of the coldest cities on Earth. Its original, and since the official name is Utqiagvik. Many non-indigenous residents of the city found it hard to pronounce its traditional name, so they renamed it to Barrow.
Such a name was chosen because of Point Barrow, the northernmost point of the entire United States. In Barrow, the temperatures drop below freezing in October and stay that low until May. When you are in Barrow, it is very likely you will spot a whale swimming in the ocean.
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The Northwest Territories in Canada occupy a vast land area of , square miles 1,, km2 ; however, only 40, people live there. Half of them are stationed in the largest community and the only city in the Northwest Territories called Yellowknife. This city is found on the west side of Yellowknife Bay.
Coldest Place on Earth - Tim Vicary - Google книги
Both the community and the bay were named after a local Native American or First Nation, as they are called in Canada tribe. However, this was the temperature of one particular type of motion—a quantum property called nuclear spin—not the overall average thermodynamic temperature for all possible degrees of freedom. Low Temperature Laboratory recorded a record low temperature of pK , or 1.
The current apparatus for achieving low temperatures has two stages. The first utilizes a helium dilution refrigerator to get to temperatures of millikelvins, then the next stage uses adiabatic nuclear demagnetisation to reach picokelvins. Extremely low temperatures are useful for observation of quantum mechanical phases of matter such as superfluids and Bose—Einstein condensates , which would be disrupted by thermal motion.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Journal of Geophysical Research. Bibcode : JGRD.. Dec 9, Retrieved 10 Dec Geophysical Research Letters. Bibcode : GeoRL.. Polar Record. World Meteorological Organization.